JACS-epted...UV-induced bursting of liposomes paper accepted in JACS!

Wednesday, February 8th 2012

JACS-epted...UV-induced bursting of liposomes paper accepted in JACS!
08 FEB 2012. Our manuscript "UV-Induced Bursting of Cell-Sized Multi-Component Lipid Vesicles in a Photosensitive Surfactant Solution" has just been accepted for publication in JACS.

Abstract: We study the behaviour of multicomponent Giant Unilamellar Vesicles (GUVs) in the presence of AzoTAB, a photosensitive surfactant. GUVs are made of an equimolar ratio of dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC) and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and various amounts of cholesterol (Chol), where lipid membrane shows a phase separation into DPPC-rich liquid-ordered (Lo) phase and DOPC-rich liquid-disordered (Ld) phase. We find that UV illumination at 365 nm for 1 s induces the bursting of a significant fraction of the GUV population. The percentage of UV-induced disrupted vesicles, called bursting rate (Yburst), increases with an increase in [AzoTAB] and depends on [Chol] in a non monotonous manner. Yburst decreases when [Chol] increases from 0 to 10 mol% and then increases with a further increase in [Chol], which can be correlated with the phase composition of the membrane. We show that Yburst increases with the appearance of solid domains ([Chol] = 0) or with an increase in area fraction of Lo phase (with increasing [Chol] ≥ 10 mol%). Under our conditions (UV illumination at 365 nm for 1 s), maximal bursting efficiency (Yburst = 53%) is obtained for [AzoTAB] = 1 mM and [Chol] = 40 mol%. Finally, by restricting the illumination area, we demonstrate the first selective UV-induced bursting of individual target GUVs. These results show a new method to probe biomembrane mechanical properties using light as well as pave the way for novel strategies of light-induced drug delivery.

Reference:

UV-Induced Bursting of Cell-Sized Multi-Component Lipid Vesicles in a Photosensitive Surfactant Solution
A. Diguet, M. Yanagisawa, Y.-J. Liu, E. Brun, S. Abadie, S. Rudiuk and D. Baigl*
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 4898−4904
- doi : 10.1021/ja211664f


Damien Baigl

ASAP papers from NATURE
ASAP papers from SCIENCE